There's more to choosing a sink than color and design.  How you use your sink will have a lot to do
with the style you choose.

Self-rimming Kitchen Sinks are the most popular and easiest to install and are generally used on
laminate such as Formica countertops. The sink rim sits on the countertop and weight is supported
by the countertop. Clips and bolts under the counter hold the sink securely in place. The faucet
usually mounts directly to the deck along the back of the sink.

Under mount Kitchen Sinks are generally used with solid surface countertops such as granite,
marble, soapstone, concrete, butcher block and composite such as Corian . These sinks mount
beneath the countertop creating a seamless look around the sink and makes counter cleanup a

Apron-front Kitchen Sinks also known as farmhouse sinks evoke a period style kitchen and have
a stylish panel in the front. They can be tiled in or come in under mount models. This is a unique
installation and it is recommended that you have the sink on hand during cabinet construction.

Bar/Prep/Entertainment sinks are small sinks originally designed to scrub and prep fruits and
vegetables, but their purpose has extended itself to many more applications. These sinks vary
greatly in size and shape from 9½” inch round to 18” square. This sink can be found to fit virtually
any application from an island in the kitchen, a bar sink in the bedroom or an entertainment sink in
the family room.

If you use a dishwasher, you may prefer a sink with a large single basin.  If you hand wash your
dishes, a two or three basin sink may be preferable.  Double or triple basin sinks often feature a
separate basin for garbage disposal or recycling a small addition that can greatly enhance your work

The amount of countertop space you have and how it's configured are important factors in
determining the size and shape of the sink you use.  When remodeling, if you're not changing the
countertop, remember to take into consideration the cutout area of your old sink.  If you have
limited counter space, think about using a sink that incorporates a cutting board over the sink basin.

To make sure you've got a good match between your sink and your faucet, you'll need to look at
more than style.  Consider what accessories you want and determine how they attach to the
counter-top, most commonly, through a pre-drilled hole on the sink.  You'll also have to decide
whether you want a traditional faucet or one that pulls down or out to reach a wider work area.

Typically, there are between one and four holes available on a sink depending on the style of faucet
and accessories that are utilized.  The additional holes are used to fit accessories such as a
soap/lotion dispenser, hot water or filtered water dispenser, air gap or disposal switch.

Before making a purchase, you'll need to determine if your faucet is compatible with the required
installation.  Be sure to check whether your faucet is installed on the flat faucet deck of the sink or
through the counter-top.  Be sure to check your spout length to make sure it reaches adequately
into the basin particularly if you're working with large or deep basins.

Lets have a look on the different forms of sinks that can be found. Generally various
shapes can be distinguished:

Single bowl kitchen sink, available left or right.

                    Double bowl sinks where they can be identical or different of size.

                              Triple bowl sink with extra space to store the sponge. Ideal for large faucets.
What type of sink works with your countertop?

What kitchen sink materials are available?

Stainless Steel is the most popular sink material; it won’t chip, nick, crack, rust, stain or fade. The
steel provides a sanitary surface and can be found in stylish finishes from shiny mirrored, brushed or
satin. Stainless steel comes in different gauges or finishes and metal content. The lower the gauge
the thicker the steel, lower gauges are less likely to dent and are sound deadening. Premium sinks
are made from 18 and 19-gauge stainless steel.

Enameled Cast Iron are made of a solid cast iron and layered with an enamel surface which
makes these sinks extremely heavy. They are long lasting, quieter than other sinks, are resistant to
almost any type of structural damage and have excellent heat retention but very difficult to install
because of their extreme weight. The enamel allows you to choose from a wide variety of colors but
tends to scratch easily, so purchasing a sink rack or grid is recommended to protect the finish.

Vitreous China and Fireclay sinks are ceramic based material with a baked on porcelain for a
glossy finish. Generally referred to as a French country style this material is impervious to water,
easy to clean, germ-resistant, durable and available in almost any color including hand painted and
sculpted designs. Damage can occur in these sinks so a sink gird or rack is recommended to protect

Solid Surface Material sinks have become very popular over the past few years and are
available in a wide variety of colors to coordinate with countertops. They can mimic granite and
other high end stones and are heat and stain resistant. This material is not completely scratch-proof
but scratches buff out easily, some brands have a lifetime warrantee.

Copper sinks are made from a super-thick copper and hand-hammered creating form a of art that
adds class to any kitchen. Copper sinks have a living finish that patinas with age. Copper is a
healthy choice because bacteria cannot grow on it.
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